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Abstract


Mustafa Maksûd Resâ Efendi’s Quintuplet of Qasida al-Burda
Ka^b bin Zuhair’s (d. 24/645?) famous poem, whose opening line is Banat Su^âd, is referred to as Qasida al- Burda (Ode of the Mantle) in the literature because the poet was awarded with the Prophet’s blessed mantle in his dream, and it holds special importance for being a pioneering work for the eulogies of its type. Busiri (d. 696/1297?), who lived about six centuries after Ka^b, wrote Al-Kawakib ad-Durriya fi Madg Khayr al-Bariya, a eulogy that expresses his deep love for the Prophet, and the poem is known with the same title in Islamic literature. Although Ka^b’s poem is the first example of its type, Busiri’s work has attracted greater attention from classical Turkish poets for its story, literary identity, and lyrical style. Since the 15th century, Busiri’s work has been brought to Turkish literature in different forms, such as translations, commentaries and quintuplets. Mustafa Maksûd Resâ Efendi (d. 1269/1852-53), who wrote many poems on the themes of love and wisdom, as well as a mystical work, titled Münyetü's-Sâlik, was one of the poets who hoped for the intercession of the Prophet in writing eulogies in the form of quintuplets. Written in the aruz prosody of mefâ^ilün fe^ilâtün mefâ^ilün fe^ilün, the work consists of 160 cantos. Resâ, like many other poets, wrote his quintuplet, which he divided into ten parts, in a free style, and he succeeded in making the meaning of the source couplets felt. In other words, he embellished the meaning he got from the source text with his own poetic talent and tried to express it in an original style. Enriching his work from time to time with quotations from verses from the Qur’an and hadiths, the poet wrote thirty-seven couplets of the source poem in Arabic and eleven couplets in Persian in the form of quintuplets.

Keywords
Busiri, Qasida al-Burda, Mustafa Maksûd Resâ Efendi, quintuplet.



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